This place, a meeting point between the municipalities of Redondela and Soutomaior, emerges as one of the places with the best landscapes in the area. There at the top, 327 meters above sea level, we can see the Ría de Vigo and, on the other side, the valley of the Verdugo River and the paths to Terra de Montes and Serra do Suído. In all this environment, the castle of Soutomaior stands out, one of the best preserved in all of Galicia.
A Peneda has a long history. The presence of a castro (celtic village) goes back to the period before Christ. There were hardly any remains, but a mine of a certain depth stands out. But without a doubt the most important historical fact happened in the Middle Ages, in the context of the Irmandiñas Revolts and the noble conflicts, with Pedro Madruga as the protagonist.
The then known as Castrizán Fortress, built at the end of the 15th century by order of the Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, Alonso de Fonseca (of which part of the structure is preserved in good condition) remained a witness of that time of continuous wars.
Later, the hermitage dedicated to the Virgen de las Nieves de la Peneda (15th-16th centuries) provided it with a place for celebrations and pilgrimages, a social space where, for example, the Festa dos Fachos (Torch Festival) is celebrated at the end of June.
Since 2021, the imposing cork oaks of A Peneda have been classified as unique trees.